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Cem Akalın


Issue 17 - 2023

Dassault Aviation introduced its ultra-long range, high-speed Falcon 10X Jet, which will enter service at the end of 2025, on May 6th, 2021.

The Falcon 10X is a large intercontinental business jet being developed by Dassault Aviation to compete with the Bombardier Global 7500 and the Gulfstream G700.

The Falcon 10X is expected to have a range of 7,500 NM (13,900km), a top speed of Mach 0.925, and a maximum altitude of 51,000 feet. Featuring a range of 7,500 nautical miles, the Falcon 10X will fly nonstop from New York to Shanghai, Los Angeles to Sydney, Hong Kong to New York, or Paris to Santiago. Its top speed will be Mach 0.925.

It will feature Dassault's next-generation digital flight control system, FalconEye combined vision system with dual HUDs, and a single "smart" throttle.

The Falcon 10X will be powered by the Rolls-Royce Pearl 10X engine, which is currently in development, and equipped with Honeywell's next-generation Primus Epic avionics. The Dassault Falcon 10X is powered by twin Rolls-Royce Pearl 10X engines, providing approximately 18,000 pounds of total thrust, a range of 7,500 nm (13,900 km), and a landing distance of less than 2,500 ft (762 meters).

The Falcon 10X also stands out with a different wing design. The new wing is designed for manufacturing in full carbon, capable of delivering higher efficiency to the aircraft. At 33.6m, the wingspan is almost 8m more than on the Falcon 6X. The new wing has a sweep angle that delivers efficiency at the jet's higher cruise speeds of M0.85 and above.

The Falcon 10X has a maximum take-off weight of over 115,000 pounds, making it one of the heaviest business jets in its class. This feature permits it to carry more payload (a larger and more luxurious interior) and more fuel, enabling it to reach longer distances.

The Falcon 6X has a cabin cross-section that measures six-feet seven-inches (1.98 meters) in height and 102 inches (2.58 meters) in width, while the Falcon 10X will be six-feet, 8-inches (2.03 m) tall and nine-feet, one-inch wide (2.77 m). By comparison, the Gulfstream G700 cabin measures 82 inches wide and six-feet three-inches (1.90 meters) tall, while the Bombardier Global 7500 is eight-feet (2.43 meters) wide and six-feet two inches (1.88 meters) high. The three jets' cabin volumes are similar, at around 2,700 cubic feet.

If we consider the maximum range of the FALCON 10X, its endurance is more than 15 hours. What does that mean? Passengers will require more interior space for the entire duration of the flight. The Falcon 10X's cabin is significantly wider and taller than that of the Falcon 6X, providing more space and comfort for passengers. The 10X is large enough to accommodate four cabin zones of equal length, but owners can configure their cabin to create a truly customized interior. This includes an expanded dining/conference area, a dedicated entertainment area with a large-screen monitor, a private stateroom with a queen-size bed, and an enlarged master suite with a private stand-up shower. The shower is 6ft 2in with an electro chromatic window and a generous 30-minute supply of hot water.

"The 10X will feature an entirely new fuselage with extra-large windows—nearly 50 percent larger than those on the Falcon 8X. Thirty-eight windows on the fuselage will enable more-light and comfort for users in flight.

According to Dassault Aviation, pressurization will also be the best on the market, with passengers experiencing a 3,000-foot cabin pressure altitude while flying at 41,000 feet. A next-generation filtration system will provide 100 percent pure air. The aircraft will also be at least as quiet as the Falcon 8X.

In an e-bulletin released by Dassault Aviation in March, the company announced the latest information on the production process: “The production of Falcon 10X primary parts has been at full speed for many months. Fuselage structures will soon be coming together. Engineers are running test benches for electrical, hydraulic, flight control, and other systems, including multi-system benches with all aircraft computers working together. This will achieve a high level of maturity before first flight. In Bordeaux-Mérignac, teams are gearing up to receive large structures in the final assembly hall.”

Additionally, the Rolls-Royce Pearl 10X Engine test campaign is in full swing. The most powerful engine of the Pearl family has already run for more than 1,000 hours in test cells, including runs on 100 percent sustainable aviation fuel. In September 2022, Rolls-Royce announced the start of construction of a Pearl 10X production support center in Le Haillan, near Bordeaux, France. Rolls-Royce will utilize eight engines for the Pearl 10X test program, with four for ground-based evaluations and another four for flight testing. Airborne tests of the engine will begin on the company’s Boeing 747-200 flying testbed in Arizona later this year. Flight testing over the testbed should take about six to nine months.

If all goes well, the final assembly of the Falcon 10X is expected to be launched in 2023, and the maiden flight is scheduled for 2024. Certification is planned for late 2025, and the Falcon 10X will enter service at the end of 2025" 

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